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            Cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the sero-prevalence of brucellosis and identify the potential risk factors for the occurrence of the infection in small ruminants. A total of 714 sheep and goats above six months of age and with no previous history of vaccination against brucellosis were sampled for the study. Serum samples were screened using the Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and positive sera further subjected to the Complete Fixation Test (CFT). All the subsequent test analysis was based on the sera that were positive to both RBPT and CFT and accordingly 0.7 % (5 of 714) overall sero-prevalence was found in small ruminants in the study area. Statistically no significant differences were observed between sheep and goats (p=0.354), the two sex cluster (p=0.708), young (<2 years) and adult (>2 years) age group (p=0.592) and small ruminants under extensive and semi-intensive management systems (p=1.000). Although the overall sero-prevalence observed in this study is seem to be small still influential to indicate the occurrence of Brucella infection in the study area and the possible risk of the spread of the infection within small ruminants and human. The need for screening test, elimination of positive reactors and isolation and characterization of the circulating Brucella species are optional to provide considerable success in the control and prevention of brucellosis in small ruminants and its public health hazard in the area.


Brucellosis; CFT
RBPT; Sero-Prevalence; Small Ruminant
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